Understanding: The true sales of Michael Jackson’s Thriller

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II) The label vs major factor

We already met this situation with the Beatles, the case of confusion on record labels. From a 2017 perspective, it seems obvious that each major artist is linked to one record label and that this label releases the album everywhere in the World. The World, in record industry terms, was limited to a few countries during the 50s. The majority of Record labels were first created in the US or in Japan and then increased into various countries as years passed. By the 80s, most labels had local units in 20 to 30 countries only. Does that mean Thriller was released in those countries but not elsewhere? No.

Thriller was released by Jackson‘s label, Epic Records, in most relevant countries. You can’t really miss the logo of the label as seen on this US edition from 1982:

Surprisingly, or not, you won’t find the logo of Epic on the edition of the album from Czechoslovakia, MexicoGerman Democratic Republic, Belarus, the Philippines, South Korea, Bulgaria and more. The same was true with his other records like the Billie Jean edition released in Mozambique. All those records were issued by Trutone Music, Beloton, AMIGA, Discos CBS, Балкантон, Supraphon, Suzy and Uzelli respectively, along with different labels in other countries. In some other countries, or avenues, like via Columbia House, the copyright was still given as Epic, but it was manufactured by supplying it – forgive the unclear picture, but you can easily read the relevant information on the last line.

To resume, if Epic Records were the owner of the copyrights, they sold it to other labels in markets in which they weren’t present and delegated the production of the CD in those same additional markets. We saw in our last article that Thriller sold 20,9 million units to retailers in the US during the 80s, but 23,4 million overall after adding club sales. In Mexico, it has been certified for 1,6 million copies without taking into account sales of the 25th anniversary edition.

Are you seeing how the differing figures issued by Sony are both accurate? In fact, the gap of 6 million units, 40,7 million by the end of 1989, implies 42 million by the release of Dangerous, against 48 million communicated. This is explained by the copies sold by CBS branches distinct from Epic, and other labels licensed to sell the album. Why have they moved from providing figures based on Epic-only sales to comprehensive amounts?

We need to do a little clarification on Epic vs CBS vs Sony. Epic was a label, CBS a major. Epic was founded by Columbia Records, known as CBS outside of North America. In other words Epic was encapsulated into CBS. In 1987/1988, Sony bought CBS and re-vamped itself in 1991 by renaming the entity Sony Music Entertainment.

In-house awards given to Jackson were provided by Epic, which is why figures were linked to his sales under their label only. Sony didn’t care about a sale occurring under the name of Discos CBS, CBS/Sony or Epic, they cared about global sales. With Sony Corp taking the lead on Jackson‘s career when they renewed his contract in 1991, you can now better understand the communication’s change of scope operated from that point forward.

17 thoughts on “Understanding: The true sales of Michael Jackson’s Thriller”

    1. No chance. That 49m claim, that was put out a few years ago, is completely made up, there is no way it has sold/shipped 49m even now, let alone back when the claim was made. I’d imagine it is around about the same figure as Led Zeppelin IV in sales/shipments.

  1. So what is the highest selling album in the US between Thriller and The Very Best Of The Eagles?

    Both albums must be quite close.

    Can’t wait for the MJ CSPC article 🙂

    1. Hi IE!

      I supposed you refer to Greatest Hits 71/75 🙂

      The album climbed from 4,95m to 6,2m units scanned in the US since it was certified 29xP in 01/2006. The award was date-specific as during the second semester of 2005 Hell Freezes Over, Hotel California (the song) and one of their DVDs were certified so their catalog was audited. As it was certified in 2006 when sales of physical albums were 7 times higher than now, we can expect over 50,000 copies on shelves by then, especially as it was certified just after Christmas. That’s 29 + 6,2 – 4,95 – 0,05 = 30,2 million. Definitely, it isn’t far from Thriller as you can see, but a good 200k behind as of now!

  2. with only one album, and with just its pure album sales (i.e. no singles, streaming, greatest hits, dvds factored in), michael jackson would be 33rd on the list of studied artists so far. something tells me that with the full cspc of this album alone, he would be somewhere around the 24th position. ridiculous just wow

    1. On top of that, Thriller’s pure sales at 65.6M mean it’s currently second on the CSPC chart in just sales. It’s going to be so, so, so far ahead of every other album when CSPC is calculated for it. It’s almost unrealistic how successful Thriller remains.

  3. You should do Barbra Streisand next after Michael. Michael’s favorite song is “People” and now the Only “lost” one of Female Big Four in the site

  4. Great work again. This is random, but I was wondering if you were able to do Paula Abdul. She does not have many releases, and I was wondering if her debut crossed the 10 million mark in US. Thanks MJ!

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