VIII) The case of Spain
Let’s be honest, Spanish retail figures rarely came out. It happened a few times still. At first, they look similar to the US pure album sales, counting sales at retail of albums in both physical and download formats.
If one has a closer look to them though, he will notice Spanish retail figures fell very short of Spanish certifications. In fact, only 79% of retailers are accounted for. In no countries 100% of retailers are scanned, but formulas are applied to get 100% of the market. This extrapolation formula isn’t used in Spain though deflating their figures as they are incomplete.